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Quick Quiz: Retinoblastoma

Page 1 of 7: Retinoblastoma

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Retinoblastoma is a very rare malignancy that originates in the retina, the specialized tissue at the back of the eye that detects light and color.1 It is the most common type of eye cancer in children.2 According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 200 to 300 children in the United States are diagnosed with retinoblastoma each year, and greater than 90% of children with retinoblastoma are cured each year as long as the cancer has not metastasized.3 How much do you know about retinoblastoma?

Retinoblastoma accounts for 2% of all pediatric cancers.3 The incidence of retinoblastoma is equal among boys and girls and across various races and ethnicities. The disease also occurs equally in the left or right eye.2,3 The mutation of the RB1 gene in the retina during gestational development leads to the uncontrollable growth of the retinoblasts.3 In addition, because all cells have the RB1 gene, children with hereditary retinoblastoma have a higher risk for being diagnosed with other cancers.3 Public awareness of retinoblastoma needs to remain a priority to increase survival rates and improve patient quality of life.